Myricetin is a natural flavonoid compound that is found in various fruits, vegetables, and plants. It belongs to the flavonol subgroup of flavonoids and is known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
As an antioxidant, myricetin helps protect the body against oxidative stress caused by free radicals. It scavenges these harmful molecules, preventing them from damaging cells and tissues. This antioxidant activity may have several health benefits, including reducing the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and neurodegenerative disorders.
Myricetin also exhibits anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting the production of pro-inflammatory molecules in the body. By modulating inflammatory pathways, it may help alleviate inflammation-related symptoms and conditions.
Furthermore, myricetin has been studied for its potential anticancer properties. Research suggests that it could inhibit the growth of cancer cells and induce apoptosis (programmed cell death), thereby slowing down tumor progression.
Additionally, myricetin has shown promising effects on cardiovascular health. It may help lower blood pressure by enhancing nitric oxide production, which promotes vasodilation and improves blood flow. Studies have also indicated that it can reduce LDL cholesterol levels while increasing HDL cholesterol levels, which contributes to better heart health.
Moreover, myricetin has demonstrated neuroprotective effects by protecting neuronal cells from oxidative damage and reducing inflammation in the brain. These qualities make it a potential candidate for managing neurodegenerative conditions like Alzheimer’s disease.
In terms of its bioavailability, myricetin is relatively well-absorbed by the body but has low water solubility. To enhance its absorption rate or availability in supplements or functional foods, it can be formulated with other compounds or technologies such as nanoencapsulation or phytosomes.
Overall, myricetin offers a range of health-promoting effects due to its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, cardioprotective, and neuroprotective properties. However, more research is needed to fully understand its mechanisms of action and to determine optimal dosages for specific health conditions.